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Guide To Fiber Optic Polishing

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Optical fibers require end-surface treatment for proper light propagation and that includes polishing their ends. Polishing is essential for almost all glass-based fibers with cladding diameters larger than 200 microns. Furthermore, all fiber connectors require polishing. The process of fiber optic polishing can occur in the field or in a technical lab, it employs a range of tools and products used to create precision fits and finishes in the delicate glass ends.

There is typical fiber polisher for fiber optic polishing. Fiber Optic Polishing Machines are used to polish the end faces of fiber optic products (cables, connectors, adapters, etc.) in order to minimize signal losses due to scattering. Polishing machines can increase productivity by providing rapid polishing of many different connector styles.

When selecting a fiber polishing machine, there are several features to consider, including adjustable pressure, changeable holders, a timer, and the ability to request custom specifications. Most polishing machines do not offer the flexibility of speed adjustment. This is partially due to the fact that most users only need to handle one type of ferrule material such as zirconia. A slight speed variation does not have significant impact on connector polish result. However, a versatile polisher should have the capability to change speed according the ferrule and polishing film material.

The polishing job typically involves fiber fusion splicer, among other network cable crimping tool and connectors are needed. It also requires 99% isopropyl alcohol, polishing (lapping) film and pad, a polishing puck, and epoxy or adhesive. Some technicians also find needle, syringe, and piano wire useful.

Several Different Polish Options On Fiber Connectors

The different polish of the fiber optic connector ferrules result in different performance of them, mainly on the back reflection (return loss). Generally, PC type is required at least 40dB return loss or higher, UPC is 50dB or higher, APC is 60dB or higher. (As we know, the higher the return loss, the better the performance). Insertion loss of them all should be less than at least 0.3dB, the lower the insertion loss the better the performance.

Things You Need To Mind During Fiber Optic Polishing

It is important not to dwell on any polishing film longer than necessary. Too much polishing can result in undesirable ferrule length, unnecessary polish film wear, and degraded polish finish due to particle accumulation. Make proper adjustments to the recommended polishing time in each step in case they are less than ideal.

Eye protection is always necessary to protect against powerful industrial lasers used in long-distance single-mode networks. Supporting tools may include a visual fault locater to troubleshoot fiber faults and breaks. A fiber-optic inspection microscope permits precision analysis of hair-fine fibers. Additionally, technicians rely upon jacket strippers, cutters, cable slitters, and fusion splicers.

Conclusion

Fiber polishing is a science but much like an art. The science of polishing is crystallized in a well designed machine while the art of polishing reside in the procedure and the continuous effort for improvement by the individual user. The procedure and the training are just as valuable as the polishing machine.

Related Article: How to Use a One-Push Cleaner?

More And More Important Of Fiber Optic Splicing

Fiber Optics Splicing is starting to become an even more and more common skill dependence on cabling technicians. Fiber-optic cables might have to be spliced together for many reasons-for example, to produce a link of your particular length, or to repair a damaged cable or connection. One of the links of 10 km may be installed by splicing several fiber-optic cables together. The installer will then fulfill the distance requirement and get away from investing in a new fiber-optic cable. Splices could possibly be required at building entrances, wiring closets, couplers, and literally any intermediate point between a transmitter and receiver. When we used the fiber optic splicer to fiber optic cable splicing, our greatest problem is the preservation in the expertise of the signal.

A special touch is necessary to splice fiber optic cable considering that the glass fibers are encased with fiber insulation sealed inside a plastic coating. Unlike copper, the fibers are delicate and is easily broken by using a lot of pressure to reduce the casing while splicing cables to fiber connectors.

The splicing process begins by preparing each fiber end for fusion. Fusion splicing mandates that all protective coatings be taken off the ends of each one fiber. The fiber is then cleaved using the score-and-break method. Each fiber face to attain a good optical finish by cleaving and polishing the fiber end. Before the connection is created, get rid of each fiber will need to have an even finish that is clear of defects for example hackles, lips, and fractures. These defects, along with other impurities and dirt affect the geometrical propagation patterns of light and cause scattering. The standard of each fiber end is inspected utilizing a microscope. In fusion splicing, splice loss is a direct purpose of the angles and excellence of both fiber-end faces.

The fusion splicing is one kind of a splice cables method. The basic fusion-splicing apparatus is made up of two fixtures on what the fibers are mounted with two electrodes. An inspection microscope assists in the location from the prepared fiber ends into a fusion-splicing apparatus. The fibers are positioned into the apparatus, aligned, after which fused together. Initially, fiber optic fusion splicer used nichrome wire because the heater to melt or fuse fibers together. The heater almost always is an electric arc that softens two butted fiber ends and permits the fibers to be fused together.

In Mechanical Splicing, mechanical splices are only alignment devices, meant to retain the two fiber ends up in a precisely aligned position thus enabling light to feed in one fiber in to the other. Mechanical splicing is conducted in the optical junction the location where the fibers are precisely aligned and kept in place by a self-contained assembly, not just a permanent bond. This method aligns both the fiber ends into a common centerline, aligning their cores and so the light can pass in one fiber to another. It might be is accomplished with a portable workstation utilized to get ready each fiber end. That preparation includes stripping a thin layer of plastic coating in the fiber core before its splicing.

Connecting two fiber-optic cables requires precise alignment of the mated fiber cores or spots in a single-mode fiber-optic cable. This is required so that virtually all the sunshine is coupled derived from one of fiber-optic cable across a junction to the other fiber-optic cable. Actual contact between your fiber-optic cables isn’t even mandatory.

Splices can also be used as optical attenuators if there is a requirement to attenuate a high-powered signal. Splice losses up to 10.0 dB might be programmed and inserted in the cable if desired. Using this method, the splice can work as an in-line attenuator using the characteristic non reflectance of an fusion splice. Typical fusion-splice losses could be estimated at 0.02 dB for loss-budget calculation purposes. Mechanical splices are easily implemented in the field, require no tooling, and give losses of approximately 0.5 to 0.75 dB.

FiberStore provides a comprehensive range of hand tools, network tool kits and consumables for the installation and maintenance of LAN, fibre optic and copper networks. Whether you require a punchdown tool, RJ45 / Cat 5 Crimping tool, fiber splicer or automatic wire stripper or a complete network tool kit, FiberStore has the right tools for your needs. We provide fully automatic fibre optic fusion splicers from Fujikura for multimode and singlemode optical fibre cables, ensuring the best fibre termination possible whether an expert or a novice.

4 steps in Fiber Optic Fusion splicer

Fiber Optic Fusion splicer may be the act of joining two optical fibers end-to-end using heat. The thing is to fuse both the fibers together in such a way that light passing with the fibers is not scattered or reflected back from the splice, and thus the splice as well as the region surrounding it are almost as strong because virgin fiber itself. The basic fusion splicer apparatus includes two fixtures which the fibers are mounted and two electrodes. Inspection microscope assists in the placement in the prepared fiber ends into a fusion-splicing apparatus. The fibers they fit in to the apparatus, aligned, and then fused together. Initially, fusion splicing used nichrome wire as the heating unit to melt or fuse fibers together. New fusion-splicing techniques have replaced the nichrome wire with fractional co2 (CO2) lasers, electric arcs, or gas flames to heat the fiber ends, causing them to fuse together. The little size of the fusion splice along with the development of automated fusion-splicing machines make electric arc fusion (arc fusion) the most popular splicing approaches to commercial applications.

Splicing fiber optic cable ends together is often a precise process with hardly any room for error. This is because the optical fiber ends must be gathered absolutely perfectly to be able to minimize potential optical loss or light leakage. Properly splicing the cable ends demands the usage of a high-tech tool called a fusion splicer. A fusion splicer perfectly mates the optical fiber ends by melting or fusing them to the other. Splicing fiber cables surpasses using connectors considering that the fusing process results in a superior connection that features a lower level of optical loss. Now,I will introducts 4 steps to fusion splicing.

Step1

Know that fusion splicing is essentially several optical fibers being permanently joined together by welding utilizing an an electric arc. The need for an exact cleaver is suggested should you desire less light loss and reflection problems. Understand that an excellent cleaver just for this precise work is nessary. If your poor spice is created, the fiber ends may well not melt together properly and problems can arise.

Step2

Prepare the fiber by stripping the coatings, jackets and tubes, ensuring only bare fiber is left showing. You will need to clean all of the fibers associated with a filling gel. A clean environment is imperative for a good connection.

Step3

Cutter the fiber. A great wire cutter is suggested to secure a successful splice. When fusing the fibers together, either align the fibers manually or automatic, determined by what type of fusion splicer you’ve got. When you’ve got a new proper alignment, a power arc can be used to melt the fibers together creating a permanent weld of these two fiber ends.

Step4

Protect the fiber with heat shrink sleeve, silicone get. This can maintain your optical fiber resistant to any outside elements it may encounter or future breakage.

Alternatives to fusion splicing include using fiber optic connectors or mechanical splices because both versions have higher insertion losses, lower reliability far better return losses than fusion splicing. Want to know more about fiber splicer knowledges, pls visit fs.com to find your answer.